Lajpat's death and killing of
In 1928 to report about the political situation British Government set up Simon Commission.
But not having any Indian member in the commission some political parties boycotted the
commission ['SIMON GO BACK']. On the arrival of Simon commission on 30 October 1928, Lala
Lajpat Rai led march in protest against it.Police attempts to disperse the large crowd
resulted in violence. lathi charge [use of batons] against this violence the protesters and
personally assaulted Rai who was injured, and he died of a heart attack on Novemember 17
1928[Doctor had said that too many injuries led to the death of Lala Lajpat Rai's Death].
However when this matter was raised in the parliament of United Kingdom, the British
Government denied any role in Lala Lajpat Rai's death.
Bhagat Singh was a prominent Member of HRA, which later got changed to HSRA in 1928. The
HSRA vowed to take revange of Lala Rajpat Rai's death. Singh with revolutionaries like
Shivaram Rajguru, Sukhdev Thapar, and Chandrashekhar Azad to kill Scott.
However they have mistaken John P. Saunders as Scott and they have shot him in Lahore on
Nehru On the Popularity Gained by Bhagat Singh Jawaharlal Nehru later wrote that:
Bhagat Singh did not become popular because of his act of terrorism but because he seemed to
vindicate, for the moment, the honour of Lala Lajpat Rai, and through him of the nation. He
became a symbol, the act was forgotten, the symbol remained, and within a few months each
town and village of the Punjab, and to a lesser extent in the rest of northern India,
resounded with his name. Innumerable songs grew about him and the popularity that the man
achieved was something amazing.
1929 Assembly incident
For some time, Bhagat Singh tried to explore the power of drama as a mean to inspire more
people to revolt against British,. In 1929, he proposed a dramatic act to the HSRA intended
to gain massive popularity for their aims.
Bhagat Singh planed to bomb inside the central legislative assembly, intention of this plan
was just to protest against the Public Safety Bill, and the Trade Dispute Act, which had
been rejected by the Assembly but were being enacted by the Viceroy using his some special
powers. Th intention of this step was to perpetrators to allow themselves to be arrested so
that they could use court appeatances as a stage to publicise their caise.
However leaders of HSRA were not in favour of Bhagat Singh's Participation in the bombing
because they were in fear that any more violent actions of Bhagat Singh can lead to his
. They also know that Bhagat Singh was their most suitable candidate. On 8 April 1929,
Bhagat Singh accompanied by Batukeshwar Dutt threw two bombs into the Assembly chamber from
its public gallery while it was in session. The intention of throwing bomb in assembly was
not to kill anyone. Bombs were also made of low grade explosives But still some members,
including George Ernest Schuster, the finance member of the Viceroy's Executive Council, got
injured by the bomb. The smoke from the bomb filled the Assembly so that Singh and Dutt
could probably have escaped in the confusion, but instead of escaping safely, They stayed
there shouting "Inquilab Zindabad!"["Long Live the Revolution"] and threw leaflets. British
Sepoys arrested Two men and, they were subsequently moved through a series of jails in
Assembly case trial
This Bombing incidence received huge criticism from other leaders. Gandhi one again isssued
strong words of disapproval of the deeds of HSRA.Nonetheless, the jailed Bhagat was reported
to be elated, and referred to the subsequent legal proceedings as a "drama".
Bhagat Singh and Dutt responded to the criticism by writing the Assembly Bomb Statement:
We hold human life sacred beyond words. We are neither perpetrators of dastardly outrages
... nor are we 'lunatics' as the Tribune of Lahore and some others would have it believed
... Force when aggressively applied is 'violence' and is, therefore, morally unjustifiable,
but when it is used in the furtherance of a legitimate cause, it has its moral
In the First week of June trial of Bhagat Singh and Dutt began follwed by preliminary
hearing in May. On 12th may British court Both the revolutionaries were sentenced to life
imprisonment. In the court Asaf Ali was the lawyer for Dutt, while Bhagat Singh Defened
himself. After all the procesdure, British Court founded them Guilt and Bhagat Singh was
given life sentence.
In 1929, Lahore and Saharanpur were also bommed by the HSRA. On 15 April 1929, Police
discovered the Lahore bomb factory, it leads to the arrest of of other members including
Sukhdev, Kishori Lal, and Jai Gopal. Not long after this, the Saharanpur factory was also
raided and some of the conspirators became informants. With help of Informers, police
connected three strands [Saunders murder, Assembly bombing and Bomb manufacture.]
and arrested many activst like Bhagat Singh , Sukhdev Rajguru and 21 others were chargder
with the saunders murder
With the new information available, the police were able to connect the three strands of the
Saunders murder, Assembly bombing, and bomb manufacture. Singh, Sukhdev, Rajguru, and 21
others were charged with the Saunders murder.
On the basis of substantial evidence against Bhagat Singh, he got re-arrested for murdering
Saunders and Chanan Singh. Evidence include, statements by his associates, Hans Raj Vohra
Jai Gopal. Later, Bhagat Singh was sent to Central Jail Miawali from the Delhi jail. In that
Jail Bhagat Singh witnessed the difference between European and Indian prisoners. Bhagat
noted this difference when he got enhanced diet at Delhi which he was not getting at
Bhagat Singh with some other known leaders who were in jail also raised their voice and did
hunger strike against this injustice and demanded equality in food Standards, clothing,
toiletries, and other hygenic necessities, as well as access to books and also a daily
newspaper. They argued that police can't force them do to manual labout or any undignified
in the Jail.
This Hunger strike started gaining popularity. The government had to apply Section 144 of
criminal code in an attempt to limit gatherings.
When Jawaharlal got this news, he met those strikers in Central Jail Mianwalim. After the
meeting, he stated:
I was very much pained to see the distress of the heroes. They have staked their lives
this struggle. They want that political prisoners should be treated as political
I am quite hopeful that their sacrifice would be crowned with success.
Later Muhammad Ali Jinnah also spoke in support of the strikers in the Assembly, saying:
The man who goes on hunger strike has a soul. He is moved by that soul, and he believes
the justice of his cause ... however much you deplore them and, however, much you say
are misguided, it is the system, this damnable system of governance, which is resented
The government tried many cheap tricks to end this strike by placing food items in front of
prison cells to test prisoner's resolve, they had filled water pitchers with milk so that
strikers remain thristy or end their hunger strike. But even after British Government dirty
tricks Revolutionaries stayed stood on their strike and it continued. Another cheap trick by
government was force feeding but it was resisted later.
Since the activities of the hunger strikers had gained popularity and attention amongst the
people nationwide, the government decided to advance murder trial of the Saunders , which
henceforth called the Lahore Conspiracy Case.
On 10 July 1929 Bhagat SIngh was transported to Borstal Jail, Lahore and trial began there.
There some more charges were also added on Bhagat Singh and other 27 prisoners were charging
them with the plotting a conspiracy to murder scott and waging war against the King. Bhagat
Singh still on hunger strike, he was carried to the court handcuffed on a strecher.
However, Governemt refused to accept demand of Stikers to give special treatment for
prisoners. In the eyes of officials, if someone broke the law then that was a personal act,
a political one, and they were common criminals. By now, the condition of another hunger
striker, Jatindra Nath Das, lodged in the same jail, had deteriorated considerably. The Jail
committee recommended his unconditional release, but the government rejected the suggestion
offered to release him on bail.
After the 63- day hunger strike Das died on 13 september 1929. Many Nationalist leaders pay
tribute to The Das. In protest against this Mohammad Alam and Gopi Chand Bhargava resigned
Punjab Legislative council, and nehru moved a successful adjournment motion in the Central
Legislative as a censure against the "The Inhumane treatment" of Lahore Prisoners.
Bhagat Singh on 5 october 1929 ended his hunger strike after 116 days, he finally heeded a
revolution of the Congress party and also on request of his Father Bhagat singh get ready to
eat. This hunger strike gained lot of popularity for Bhagat Singh and he got popular even