Sarojini Naidu was born in Hyderabad to Aghorenath Chattopadhyay, a Bengali Brahmin who was the principal
of the Nizam's College in Hyderabad. Her parental home was at Brahmangaon in Bikrampur (in present-day
Bangladesh). Her father, Aghorenath Chattopadhyay, with a doctorate of Science from Edinburgh University,
settled in Hyderabad, where he administered Hyderabad college, which later became Nizam College in
Hyderabad. Her mother, Barada Sundari Devi Chattopadhyay, was a poet and used to write poetry in Bengali.
She was the eldest of the eight siblings. Her brother Virendranath Chattopadhyay was a revolutionary, and
another brother Harindranath was a poet, a dramatist, and an actor. Their family was well-regarded in
Hyderabad, not only for leading the Nizam College of Hyderabad but also as Hyderabad's most famous artists
at that time. Being an artist in the era of British rule in India was considered a risky career, yet with
their progressive values, they pursued them anyway.
Sarojini Naidu, having passed her matriculation examination from the University of Madras, took four-year
break from her studies.
In 1895, H.E.H. the Nizam's Charitable Trust founded by the 6thNizam, Mahbub Ali Khan gave her a chance to
study in England, first at King's College, London and later at Girton College, Cambridge.
Sarojini met Paidipati Govindarajulu Naidu - a physician, at the age of 19, after finishing her studies,
she married him. At that time, Inter-caste marriages were not as common as they are today, but both their
families approved their marriage. As Sarojini was from Bengal, while Paidipati Naidu was from Andhra
Pradesh, this was an inter-regional marriage of East and South India, with two different cultures. The
couple had five children. Their daughter Paidipati Padmaja also joined the independence movement and was
part of the Quit India Movement. She was appointed the Governor of the State of Uttar Pradesh soon after